# STEM Unit: Parachutes / Simple and Powered / Machines / Robotics and Programming

**Science Concepts**

**Gravitation** – Gravitation refers to
the earth general theory which is gravity, gravitation means of pulling object
toward each other by an invisible force and it is keeping us on the ground so
that we will not fall, the scientist Mr. Albert Einstein said that there is a
space curve that keeping objects wrap around which is Gravity.

**Kinematics** – Kinematics refers to a
term in science that belongs to the branch of classical mechanicals, it is all
about body motions, like motion points and system of bodies. It is doing
something without considering excessing the force to create a motion.

**Observation and Data** – Observation and data,
These are the two words that is very important to data scientists, they often
use the four terms; value, data point, measurement, value, data point and
observation as they create communication with each other, observation and data
are very important and highly delicate because it ensures the fact and analysis
on a project, person, idea or even event.

**Work, Energy, Power** – Work, energy, power,
it is a measure of network done on the object. These three major key words are
the main essential and simplest concept of mechanical work where you excess
force such energy and power to make a work. For example, is pushing an object and
making it move.

**Sound** – sound, it is a term in
physics where the sound itself is a vibration that creates wave and the product
is pressure. Referring to psychology and physiology the sound is a functioned
aspect where the waves are being transfer from an object to the brain of a
living thing such as person or animal.

**Technology Concepts**

**Design Processes** – design processes are a
term in technology where you are following a process where you are finding a
solution to a specific or not specific problem in the research. They tend to
research, design, build and they do evaluation of a prototype then troubleshoot
and redesign. The last thing to do was to communicate the solution.

**Troubleshooting** – Troubleshooting is a
term in technology aspect where you will tend to refer from a problem-solving
system where you’ll find a solution for a need to repair system and failed
cases. Troubleshooting is actually searching for the error in the system or
symptoms in order to solve it, to make the system/ product work again.

**Historical Perspectives** – Historical
perspectives refers to the knowledge advancements with the historical aspects
to see different viewpoints in order to contribute and apply it in Technical
and scientifically terms.

**Engineering Concepts**

**Problem Solving** – Problem solving is all
about dealing with a problem and making solutions for it. It is a critical
thinking where you are searching for effective solutions, Engineers most like
have the unique set of solutions and most of the time they have more than one.
They have a goal and that is to be resourceful and practical for the solution
that they will apply.

**Safety Engineering** – Safety engineering is
an act in engineering where in the engineers use disciple in order to create
engineer created systems that provide a satisfactory level of safety. Safety
engineering is said to be connected to industrial/system engineering, and
subset system of safety engineering.

**Technological Design** – technological design,
Design technology is a term that refers to developing, application,
implementing, supporting and managing computer and non-computer-based systems
for expressing the essential in communication on product design intention and
construction. Technological design is also primarily to solve a problem with
unique ideas and creative designs.

**Math Concepts**

**Algebra** – Algebra is one of the
terms in mathematics is associated in signs, symbols, function, relations,
equation and in showing numbers through variables where it represents
quantities without showing values commonly known as variables.

**Circular Area** – Circular area refers
to the area of a circle. In finding the circle’s area, the formula is π⋅r2 where r stands for
radius and pie is 3.14.

**Radius** – Radius is the term
uses in the line segment in the circle coming from center to the perimeter, and
in modern they also called and uses it as a strength.

**Ratios** – Ratios, surface area
are multiplying or dividing different terms by means of non-zero number will
eventually give an outcome of equal ratio. Also, ratio is related between the
relationship of height and width.

**Geometric Shapes** – Geometric shapes are
geometric figures that shows orientation in means of triangles, square, circle,
pentagons, hexagon, pentagon, nonagon, decagons, ellipse, oval figures and many
more. Geometric shapes are basic standard figures made by points and lines.

**Area of Plane Figures and
Solid Shapes** – area of plane figures and solid shapes, in mathematics, the
unit of the square that is known to have one area, and the area of other shape
that are dimensionless and known as real numbers, simple figures like
triangles, circles and rectangles have well known formulas. The SI base units
are 1m2 and SI unit of square meter.

**Life Skills / Career
Links Concepts**

**Aerospace** – Aerospace are employed
workers that the job is to build aircrafts, national defenses and space crafts.
They work for engaging, manufacturing and managing analysis and design,
developing and researching is also their responsibilities.

**Robotic Engineering** – Robotics Engineering
is a branch on electrical engineering and mechanical engineering, they are
responsible for creating robotics system functioning from critic level of
thinking that is called robotic engineer.

**Mechanical Engineering** – Mechanical engineering
is a term in engineering and science where the responsible applies math,
physics, engineer and joined by the principle of science like designing,
analyzing, manufacturing, maintaining mechanical systems. It is a term in
engineering means of showing discipline.

**CAD** – (CAD), Computer-aided
design is using of technology in order to show creativity, modification,
analysis and optimizing the design. CAD is a software used by the designers
where they increase the productivity and to improve the quality and
communication with the use of documentation and lastly to create a manufacturer
database.